Frontend Developer Roadmap 2022

To create a client-side application, front-end developers use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The client-side of an online application is the visual component of the application that a user interacts with when it is launched: colors, fonts, buttons, navigations, animations, and so on.

Front-end development includes the user interface of an application. The term “front-end development” refers to anything a user interacts with when visiting a website, such as the login or sign-up page, the homepage, and the contact page.

A front-end developer is in responsible of designing and developing a website’s or online application’s user interface. They use web technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create client-side apps.

In 2022 however, front-end development has gone beyond HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. There are a lot of web technologies you need to learn to be able to excel as a front-end developer this year.

This article will cover all you need to get started with front-end development in 2022.

How To Become Front-End Web Developer in 2022

A front-end developer is someone who works on a website’s and application’s user interface. They are in charge of deciding the structure and design of the web application, adding features to improve user experience, striking a balance between design and functionality, optimizing the web app for different devices, optimizing pages for speed and scalability, coding web pages using various markup languages, maintaining brand consistency, and writing reusable codes. The lines of code that dictate the operation and structure of the user interface are referred to as front-end development.

However, the front-end web development is not just limited to using HTML, CSS or JS instead there are a bunch of other technologies that you need to learn if you wanna become a prominent developer this year.

Good to Know Stuff

These skills are not necessary, but they definitely will help you on your journey.

  1. How does the Internet work?
  2. What is HTTP?
  3. How do Browsers work?

Top Skills A Front-End Developer Should Have

Front-end development is definitely a creative aspect of web development. We’ll go over the abilities and technologies you should be familiar with to become a front-end web developer now that you’ve reviewed the roadmap above.

Basic Terminal Usage (Command line)

The terminal is a command-line interface that gives you access to the underlying operating system and allows you to execute text commands. Regardless of their specialization, all developers need to know how to use a terminal. Because the command line is so important, I strongly advise you to learn how to utilize it. As a front-end developer, the more command-line skills you have, the more productive you will be.

Here are some resources to learn command line:

Git – Version Control

Git is a version control system that allows developers to keep track of their projects’ changes. Git also makes it easier for engineers to work together as a group. Git is required among developers in order to verify that there are no code conflicts.

Here are some resources to learn Git:

Github

GitHub is a software development code hosting site. GitHub allows teams to share on projects and also serves as a source of version control. It can be used by groups to work together on a project. For example, if a group of developers wants to create a web application and each member is assigned a task that must be updated on a daily basis while working on the project, Github can assist them in creating a centralized repository where each team member can make updates and manage the code file or repository.

Here are some resources to learn Github:

Text Editor / IDE (Integrated development environment)

The text editor is where you will write your code. Having the right text editor can improve your productivity.

There are a lot of IDE to pick from, but let’s look at a few:

  • Visual studio code – visual studio code is the best IDE for front-end development. It works across all operating systems such as macOS, Windows, and Linux. Visual studio code comes with a great deal of extension which helps in improving productivity as a front-end developer.
  • Sublime text – sublime text is also available on macOS, Windows, and Linux. It is fast, easy, and flexible to use.
  • Atom – Atom is an open-source code editor for macOS, Linux, and Windows developed by Github with supports for plugins.

Web Fundamentals

It is important to understand how the web works before you start learning any technologies. You should learn about things like:

HTML, CSS, Sass, LeSS, JavaScript & TypeScript

To become a front-end web developer, you must first learn the fundamentals of the web, such as what a server is and how different programs connect with one another. After learning about networks, clients, servers, and databases, you can move on to coding, which is the foundation of web development.

The coding languages that are used to build a client-side source code consist of HTML, CSS, Sass, LeSS, JavaScript and TypeScript.

  • HTMLHyperText Markup Language is the foundation of every website. It is a markup language that is used to display web pages in a web browser. HTML is a simple language to learn and use. You can make a simple website with HTML. HTML is the markup language that describes the content of a web page and is then performed by the browser. Text, photos, videos, audio, forms, layout, and much more can all be added to a web page using HTML.
  • CSS: Cascading Style Scripts or CSS is a styling language for HTML. While HTML informs the browser about the information, CSS determines how that content should be displayed. CSS positioning, grid, box model, flexbox, and responsive design are some of the core CSS concepts you’ll learn.
  • Sass: Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets is a preprocessor stylesheet language compiled to CSS. Sass is an extension to CSS and is compatible with all versions of it. Sass offers features that don’t exist in CSS, like mixins, functions, variables, nested rules, partials, modules and so on. It helps in organizing large stylesheets while making it easier to share design across projects.
  • LeSSLeaner Style Sheets is a pre-processor backward-compatible language compiled into CSS. It is influenced by Sass and facilitates reusable, manageable, and customizable style sheets. LeSS looks similar to CSS, so learning it will be easier. It has only added a few conveniences to CSS, i.e, variables, nesting, nested at-rules & bubbling, operations, escaping, calc() exception, functions, and much more.
  • JavaScriptJavaScript or JS is a lightweight and rendered programming and scripting language, developed for network-centric applications. It can be used in front-end and back-end development. It aids in the development of visually beautiful, quick, and dynamic websites. You can use JS to create things such as interactive animations and maps. The syntax of Javascript, DOM manipulation, the concept of closure, scope, async-await, hoisting, shadow DOM, event bubbling & prototype, and fetching APIs are just a few of the fundamentals to understand.
  • TypeScript: TypeScript is an open-source programming language that is a superset of JavaScript. It is purely object-oriented and offers optional static typing, interfaces, and classes that are later compiled into JavaScript for execution. TypeScript allows IDEs to provide a richer environment for identifying common errors while writing the code.

Here are some resources to learn HTML:

Here are some resources to learn CSS:

Here are some resources to learn JavaScript:

CSS & JavaScript Frameworks

Web frameworks are a collection of files and directories that include standardized code and are used as a starting point for developing a website or web app. It improves front-end programming integration and development. With so many frameworks to select from, it can be difficult to figure out which one is best for your needs. So, here’s a list of CSS and JavaScript frameworks that you should think about learning.

CSS Frameworks

JavaScript Frameworks

Version Control System

Version control is the process of managing and tracking changes to a web application’s source code. A version control system is a software application that aids developers in tracking and managing code changes over time while also revealing who made which modifications. For each contributor who makes modifications to the code, a distinct branch is formed, but the changes are not merged into the source code until it has been analyzed. The version control system improves project speed through cooperation, increases productivity, minimizes the likelihood of disagreements and errors, and aids in the recovery of code in the event of an accident.

Some of the top-rated version control systems that you can learn are:

Package managers

Users can use a package manager to install, update, configure, and manage software packages and product dependencies. NPM and Yarn are two examples of package management. It is recommended you learn the basics of one of them.

Accessibility

The process of making your website more visible to everyone is known as web accessibility. Front-end development is incomplete without consideration for web accessibility. It is critical that you construct web pages with accessibility in mind as a front-end developer. There are no limitations for anyone when you develop with accessibility in mind. People with disabilities, slow Internet connections, vision impairments, and hearing impairments can easily access all of the content on the website.

Performance

According to MDN, web performance is all about making websites fast, including making slow processes seem fast. One of the metrics that a good website/web application should meet is fast page rendering.

Web performance refers to how long it takes for an application to be rendered in the browser as well as how responsive it is to user interaction. For a better user experience, it is recommended that developers adopt different web optimization techniques. This includes using a Content Delivery Network (CDN) which is a strategically distributed web server that delivers contents to users based on location. Another option is to use image compressing tools like imageOptim to reduce image sizes without compromising its quality.

Progressive Web Apps

Progressive Web Apps or PWAs are web apps that are built and improved using modern web browser APIs. PWAs take advantage of both native and web apps functionalities. It offers enhanced reliability, capabilities and integration to reach anyone, anywhere, on any device with just one codebase. So learning more about will help you in designing a more functional web app.

Responsive Web Design

The process of making your website accessible to everyone is known as web accessibility. Front-end development is incomplete without attention for web accessibility. It is critical that you construct web pages with accessibility in mind as a front-end developer. There are no limitations for anyone when you develop with accessibility in mind. People with disabilities, slow Internet connections, vision impairments, and hearing impairments can easily access all of the content on the website.

Package Manager

A package manager is a program that automates the installation, configuration, management, and removal of software packages and product dependencies. You should be familiar with the package manager’s basics and at least one of its tools.

Some popular package manager tools out there consists of:

Frontend Developers Salary

The national average salary for Front End Developer is $87,240 per year in United States. Filter by location to see Front End Developer salaries in your area. Salaries estimates are based on 3787 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by Front End Developer employees.

Frequently Asked Question

Who is a front-end developer?

In a word, a front-end developer is a member of your development team who will use web technologies to architect and develop your website or application (i.e., HTML, CSS, DOM, and JavaScript).

By having the user experience as his main priority, the front-end developer is a crucial member of every web development team. Let’s dive deeper into the role’s types, skills, and responsibilities.

How does a front end developer differ from a web designer?

A front end developer is responsible for the design and development of a web product’s front end elements while a web designer is only responsible for the design.

What are the types of front-end developers based on experience?

Front-end developers are divided into three main categories based on their experience: junior, middle, and senior.

Junior front-end developer

In most instances, a junior front-end developer has 0-2 years of experience and is skilled in one programming language. Most junior front-end developers, on the other hand, have the necessary knowledge of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and, in certain cases, React and other frameworks. As a result, if you need to provide a lower salary while still completing a project, a web developer at this level may be the ideal alternative for your organization. Although most young front-end developers want to show themselves, they work slower than middle and senior devs and may not have all of the necessary skills.

Middle front-end developer

Years of experience are required for seniority. As a result, a middle front-end developer is a better option for your business. A good web developer will look at your company’s goals and budget and suggest alternatives and solutions. In terms of their skill level, the medium front-end developer has already mastered multiple programming languages.

Senior front-end developer

If you need a front-end developer for a senior position, on the other hand, only a senior front-end developer will have the necessary abilities. This individual is not only a speedy and effective web developer, but also possesses the knowledge necessary to write high-quality code for a user-friendly interface on your company’s website. The senior developer does not require much onboarding time and does not require supervision.

What are the skills a front-end developer should have?

As mentioned, a web developer can utilize core technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Markup languages as HTML (HyperText Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are crucial for your website to be built. 

You should choose a candidate proficient with JavaScript, as this language is created to promote user interactions like video and audio, animations, etc. 

However, due to the increasing complexity of online projects, hardly one employs ‘basic’ JavaScript anymore. As a result, various JavaScript frameworks have emerged, allowing us to build big, rich front-end apps more quickly and easily. AngularJS, ReactJS, BackboneJS, and other frameworks are among the most popular.

A skilled web developer is also familiar with version control, which allows for the tracking of changes made to the website files, usually using GitHub. A front-end developer’s knowledge of AJAX, JSON, and Websocket is also essential. The concept of using AJAX with a WebSocket connection is simple. AJAX allows you to transmit and receive JSON data asynchronously from a server without affecting with the appearance and behavior of your web page.

A front-end developer uses a variety of different skills to build a beautiful website, including working with Single Page Applications, CMS, Bootstrap and other CSS frameworks, React, SVG, and DOM. As a result, rather than over-indexing their schooling, it’s critical for you as a hiring manager to focus on your next developer’s talents.

What are a front-end developer’s main responsibilities? 

Because a great front-end developer is both a great designer and a solid programmer, their primary tasks are UI and web development. The front-end developer will be the one that uses all of the web development abilities we discussed before to guarantee that user interaction is simple.

A front-end developer is also in charge of writing clean and secure code. Any developer who works with them or will continue coding afterward should be able to understand it easily. Similarly, your developer is normally in charge of code testing, optimization, and website security.

A decent front-end developer should also be good in project management or at least understand how Agile project management works.

You should look into each candidate’s soft skills in addition to their development skills. Your front-end developer should be a true believer in the profession and an excellent team player. Remember that communication between your front-end developer and other team members (such as the back-end developer or the project manager) will be continuous and critical to the success of your website.

In our current reality, one more important skill is the ability to work in a remote team and organize their time themselves.

Conclusion

The web is rapidly developing, and with new technology comes new methods and tools. As a result, it is essential to stay current with the latest trends and technology and to never stop learning.

It doesn’t mean that what you have learned so far will be of no use. Your basic knowledge will always be an advantage for your career. But you must keep updating your skills for better growth. But, before making your decision on becoming a front-end developer, you can also check the Java developer roadmap.

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